Asked by: Yibin Amesbury
Asked in category: medical health, pharmaceutical drugs
Last Updated: 28th May 2024

What are drug inhibitors?

An enzyme inhibitor is a chemical that binds to enzymes and reduces their activity. Many drugs contain enzyme inhibitors. This is because blocking enzyme activity can cause a disease or correct metabolic imbalances. They can also be used as pesticides.

What is an example for an inhibitor?

Enzyme inhibitors are a common class of therapeutic drugs. Penicillin is an important example. It inhibits an enzyme that is necessary for the synthesis of bacterial cell walls. A computer image showing the structure of a inhibitor. Aspirin is an inhibitor of the formation of molecules that mediate pain or swelling.

You may also wonder, "What are the two types" of drug inhibition? In chemical chemistry, inhibitors are molecules which slow down or prevent a chemical reaction. There are two types of inhibitors : irreversible and reversible inhibitors. Reversible inhibitors slow down chemical reactions but don't stop them completely.

You may also wonder, "What are the three types of enzyme inhibitors?"

There are three kinds of reversible inhibitors: competitive, noncompetitive/mixed, and uncompetitive inhibitors. As the name implies, competitive inhibitors compete with substrates that bind to the enzyme simultaneously. The inhibitor is able to bind to the active site of the enzyme, where the substrate can also bind.

What is a drug inducer?

An drug which increases an enzyme's metabolic activity by binding to it and activating or increasing its expression.